Used to be the signature of a news show called W5.The questions asked can be applied to martial arts as well or a buisness enterprise etc.
Awareness is something everybody talks about but few practice or understand the buisness of everyday existence being the main distractor.
You can use the questions to formulate your own ideas and protocols for various situations.
WHO ? Judging on stereotypes can be misleading and dangerous if your reaction or judgement is deemed offensive or presents an opportunity to a predator type personality.If in doubt get out.
Records reveal you are most likely to be assaulted by someone you know have met before or frequents the same places you do.
WHAT ?What action should be taken?OBSERVE ORIENTATE DECIDE ACT the OODA LOOP is most effective when the time factor element is on your side and how long that will last is decided by your actions.
Observation is probably the most important .Do you know the processes predators use to set up an assault ??Can you recognize a "set up" in place or in progress?
No one unless mentally deranged either by mental defect or drug induced suddenly attacks you.There is always the preamble to the event or the "interview " as MCYOUNG terms it and you can be "interviewed"
without a word being spoken even at a distance if you walk into the "set up " blindly.
WHEN?At anytime or anyplace but usually at a place that will allow them to act without interference or observation from others.Which answers the question WHERE.
WHY?Pick one.EGO DRUGS ALCOHOL ROAD RAGE FEAR PANIC MENTAL EMOTIONAL DEFECT SELFISHNESS LOW SELF ESTEEM LACK OF EMPATHY etc. etc. etc.
The book THE GIFT OF FEAR and MCYOUNGS http://www.nononsenseselfdefense.com/traditionalMA.htm#streetfighting
covers many such set ups and howq to recognize and deal with them.
I think it was Machiavelli in his *Art of War* that said "The greatest reward for a fighting man is simply to trust him." That resonated. I'd worked for a ...